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Factors that Help Reduce the Risk for Cancer

You can reduce your chances of developing cancer by addressing certain risk factors. This is because cancer affects many people worldwide, and most are not aware of the cause and the preventive measures to take.

According to research, cancer may result from a single cell mutation that grows out of control. Other factors increase the risk, which, if well assessed and addressed, can lower your risk of developing cancer.

They include:

  • Tobacco consumption – If you chew tobacco or smoke pipes or cigarettes, you are at high risk of developing cancer. Smoking not only causes lung cancer but increases the risk of pancreatic, esophageal, oral, throat, and bladder cancers. To reduce your risk, you should quit smoking and dipping.
  • Obesity – If you are obese, your risk of developing cancer is higher. Obesity triggers the production of hormones linked to elevated cancer risks, such as estrogen and insulin. You can reduce your weight by eating right.
  • Genetics – Knowing the medical history of your family can help you understand whether you are at risk for cancer or not. Having a gene mutation in the family means you are at high risk of cancer, especially if your siblings or parents have had cancer before. You should go for counseling to assess and learn how to reduce your risk or get screened and treated early.
  • Exposure to U.V. rays – If you spend a lot of time in the sun, you have to use sunscreen. Otherwise, exposing your skin to ultraviolet rays damages DNA in skin cells and can cause cancer. Limit your exposure to sunlight or wear protective gear that covers your skin. Apply sunscreen to your body every day.
  • Alcohol consumption – Experts recommend that you consume alcohol in moderation. Alcohol contains a chemical known as acetaldehyde, which damages DNA and prevents cells from repairing themselves. Heavy drinking can increase your risk of various cancers, including those of the gastrointestinal system and breast.

The factors above can help you steer clear of the risks for cancer and enjoy a healthy, cancer-free life.

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